Many of us start the day with a hot cup of coffee. But how much do we really know about the beans that give us the energy to get through the day?
Here are five things you need to know about coffee beans:
- Coffee beans actually are the seeds of a coffee plant. They are the pits (stones) inside the fruit of a coffee plant, called either coffee berries or coffee cherries.
- Each coffee berry has two pits inside of it. These pits grow with their flat sides together. In a small percentage (less than 15%) of coffee berries, the pit contains only a single seed, rather than two. This is called a peaberry. Peaberries are believed to have more flavor than regular beans.
- It takes about 3-4 years for a newly planted coffee tree to yield fruit ready to harvest. At this point, the fruit turns a bright red. The fruits, like the seeds, contain a large amount of caffeine and have a distinct sweet taste – they are often used to make juice.
- The coffee plant or shrub is native to tropical and southern Africa and tropical Asia. (The spread of the seeds around the world is the subject of another fascinating post.) There are two main varieties of coffee plant: Arabica and Robusta. About 60 percent of the coffee produced worldwide is Arabica whereas about 40% is Robusta.
- Robusta beans have a stronger taste and are considered the lower-quality bean. Robusta beans contain more caffeine, about twice as much as the Arabica varieties. Arabica beans tend to be more acidic, slightly sweeter, and have a softer taste.
We like the taste of Arabica better. So that’s what we offer at Cadena. Elevate your experience by subscribing to one of our roasts today!